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The provision of free basic water to backyard dwellers and/or more than one household per stand
Expanded Title:Backyard shacks occur in all provinces in South Africa and according to the Stats SA General Housing survey, 2008 (2009), numbers of backyard dwellings range between 11 000 in the Northern Cape and 555 000 in Gauteng. These dwellings make up 81% of informal dwellings in the Western Cape, 75% in the North West, 67% in Mpumalanga and 66% in Gauteng. In contrast the numbers of backyard dwellers in 1996-1998 was much lower (approximately 150 000 households in Johannesburg were living in informal dwellings). In addition, Backyard dwellers in the past have been overlooked by housing policies that focus on upgrading and/or eradicating informal settlements. However due to the lack of mass visibility, access to water and sanitation services by backyard dwellers is not well known. Backyard dwellings are not temporary in nature and legislation and policy to address access to water and sanitation is urgently needed. In addition, free basic services including free basic water are meant to be provided to each household, they are currently provided to each stand and the difficulty in providing water infrastructure to each backyard dwelling is colossal. Backyard dwellers can apply for free basic water as part of the indigent policy and a greater allotment of water would be provided to each stand, however there are no mechanisms to ensure that each household has access to the free basic water allotment. Indigent policy does provide some mechanism for backyard dwellers to access free basic services, however the lack of legislation, makes the control of this access difficult and backyard dwellers are dependent on the good will of landlords for access to water and sanitation services. Legislation to formalise the backyard dweller/landlord relationship may provide the mechanisms to provide access to free basic water.
Date Published:01/03/2012
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Drinking water - Water supply, Sanitation - Waterborne sanitation
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:1987/1/11
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0233-1
Authors:Naidoo M; Longondjo C; Rawatlal T; Brueton V
Project No:K5/1987
Organizations:Nemai Consulting CC
Document Size:3 643 KB
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