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Participatory development of provincial aquaculture programmes
Expanded Title:The challenge for South Africa is how to provide government support for sector development that addresses the needs of aquaculture enterprise development, both large- and small-scale. Aquaculture cannot be entirely private sector- driven as the transaction costs of pioneer farmers are too high and there are barriers they cannot overcome, such as access to suitably zoned land and water. On the other hand, the experience of South Africa’s provincial hatcheries shows that Government, without private sector participation, is a poor driver of sector development. Thus the organisational challenge is to create a structure(s) whereby Government sets the development policy agenda and offers various forms of support and the private sector drives the actual production and market related aspects of project implementation through vehicles such as PPP’s, or special purpose vehicles which are market driven and independent of the bureaucratic constraints of the PDAs. However, even with the commercialisation of aquaculture, there is still a clear need for Government, particularly the PDAs, to play a role in supporting this industry by providing various services e.g. veterinary services, quality fingerlings, technical support, industrial investment incentives and bulk infrastructure services. This requires a more coordinated, cooperative governance approach which is well beyond the mandate of the PDAs. Fortunately, the national departments of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Science and Technology and Trade and Industry have collaborated to formulate a national aquaculture strategy to be considered by Cabinet. The roll- out of such a strategy would provide much needed guidance and support to the PDAs and a key recommendation is that DAFF continue to fulfil the leading support role to the PDAs initiated in the present project. The major contribution of the current project can thus be seen as creating awareness and buy-in for supporting aquaculture within the PDAs, and a programme and strategies for provincial aquaculture capacity development. Despite the constraints experienced, the PDAs are committed to aquaculture development and the challenge is to address the sometimes severe organisational constraints within these departments. Linking the PDAs into broader cooperative governance arrangements, whereby they are empowered to deliver the support services within their mandate, will result in them playing a more effective support role.
Date Published:01/12/2011
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Agricultural Water - Aquaculture
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Technical
WRC Report No:TT 502/11
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0155-6
ISBN Set No:978-1-4312-0000-9
Authors:Rouhani Q; Britz PJ
Project No:K5/1580//4
Organizations:Rhodes University
Document Size:10 289 KB
Attachments:EXECUTIVE SUMMARY for TT 502.pdf
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