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Definition of process zones and connectivity in catchment scale NPS processes
Expanded Title:The level and quality of the services that communities are to receive must be discussed with and accepted by the community members. Quite important are also the economic considerations of these principles, namely that services must be provided economically and efficiently in order to give citizens the maximum value for money. Experts have long noted the importance of determining the “effective demand” for services such as sanitation as expressed by the willingness of users to pay for these services. Too often the solutions proposed are inappropriate in terms of what the people want. As a result sanitary facilities are misused, badly maintained or even vandalized. If they are too expensive, the bills will not be paid which may give rise to the discontinuation of services and consequently to riots and/or violence. If the solutions do not meet the social norms, they will not be used. Finding the right solution is therefore fundamental in our quest for sustainability. Through the use of the SHAPE model developed through this research, it was possible to show that peri-urban residents eagerly preferred waterborne sewerage systems, but when integrated affordability considerations started to play a part, about 30% of the participants chose to accept on-site sanitation options. Further, affordability affects choice, but there is not close correlation between incomes and sanitation options chosen by the inhabitants of dense settlements. Whatever the reason may be, it proves that policies stipulating only certain sanitation options when new housing schemes are built, are restrictive and not in line with the Batho Pele principles. The conclusion was drawn that many peri-urban residents are willing to accept smaller houses in exchange for higher levels of water and sanitation services in their homes.
Date Published:02/08/2011
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Sanitation - On site sanitation
Document Keywords:Urban and Peri-Urban
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:1808/1/11
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0112-9
Authors:Lorentz S; Miller J; Lechler P; Mackin G; Lord M; Kollongei J; Pretorius J; Ngeleka K; Zondi N; le Roux J
Project No:K5/1808
Originator:WRC
Organizations:University of KwaZulu-Natal – School of Bioresources Engineering &Environmental Hydrology); Bureau of Mines and Geology University of Nevada, Reno; Department of Mathematics & Statistics University of Northern Kentucky; Institute of Watershed Research and Management Western Carolina University; Institute for Soil, Climate and Water Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria
Document Size:9 387 KB
Attachments:EXECUTIVE SUMMARY for 1808.pdf
TABLE OF CONTENTS for 1808.pdf
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