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Lightweight toilet superstructures–manufacturing guide
Expanded Title:In South Africa there are various systems available for the construction of the superstructure of toilets. These systems can be divided into two main groups namely the lightweight systems that can be moved (as a whole or dismantled) when the pit of a VIP is full and systems that cannot be moved as such but the material may be re-useable in the construction of a new superstructure. The major problem with the provision of VIP superstructures is that there is no standard requirement and each supplier determines what the quality of the product is that they wish to deliver. It is recommended that a National Standard should be developed with minimum requirements that all VIP superstructures should adhere to. These requirements can include aspects such as minimum dimensions, load capacities, requirements for doors and fittings. Having minimum functional requirements for suppliers will prevent clients from opting for inferior products that may seem to be cheaper. During this project a moveable lightweight superstructure system made from high strength fibre reinforced concrete was developed. This system consists of a base slab, wall panels, a roof and a door and the system can be provided to communities in package form or it can be manufactured by the communities themselves in controlled environments. A system that consists of bricks or blocks that cannot compete with a pre-cast system as far as cost or quality is concerned.
Date Published:01/03/2011
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Sanitation - Hygiene
Document Keywords:Operation and Maintenance
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Technical
WRC Report No:TT 483/10
ISBN No:978-4312-1-0093-1
ISBN Set No:978-1-4312-0095-5
Authors:Kearsley EE
Project Leader:Kearsley EE
Project No:K5/1781
Organizations:University of Pretoria
Document Size:10 314 KB
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