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Vulnerability, Adaptation to and Coping with Drought: The Case of Commercial and Subsistence Rain Fed Farming in the Eastern Cape: Volume I
Expanded Title:The 2015/2016 drought created awareness of the critical effects of a prolonged drought and the risks of water and food shortages. Whereas the agricultural sector suffered the most as a result of drought in the past, densely populated urban areas are expected to also suffer water shortages in future droughts if South Africa does not plan properly for the next drought. Drought classification and the application of drought indicators are essential elements in drought management and drought monitoring. Drought classification was normally based on certain indicator thresholds and provided a framework for drought management. The drought classification, indicator selection and indicator thresholds discussed in this report were the result of research completed as part of this project as well as inputs from the National Drought Task Team expert sub-committee for drought indicator development. Drought was categorized in five categories namely (i) D0 – Dry, (ii) D1 – Moderately dry, (iii) D2 – Severe drought, (iv) D3 – extreme drought, and (v) D4 – Exceptional drought. Indicators were classified as primary indicators, which are easy to monitor on a daily basis and secondary indicators, which focuses more on drought impacts. Primary indicators were categorized as meteorological indicators, agricultural indicators, which are remotely sensed and hydrological indicators. Thresholds were proposed for all the indicators but the difference between different sectors such as communal farmers and commercial farmers were also highlighted. Ten primary indicators are proposed for South Africa as a result of this research. The National Drought Task Team of South Africa accepted the proposed indicators as a good start and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisherie (DAFF) and the National Disaster Management Centre (NDMC) should formalise the use of these indicators.
Date Published:01/04/2017
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Agricultural Water - Small holder irrigation, Agricultural Water - Rainwater harvesting
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Technical
WRC Report No:TT 716-1-17
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0884-5
Authors:Jordaan A.J
Project No:K5/2280
Originator:WRC
Organizations:Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Document Size:15 798 KB
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