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Empowerment of women in rural areas through water use security and agricultural skills training for gender equity and poverty reduction in Kwazulu-Natal and North West province
Expanded Title:Based on the results obtained, women in the study areas are operating in environments characterized by high levels of poverty and lack of economic opportunities. They have low education levels and lack employment opportunities. Apart from agriculture, households rely on government grants as a source of income. There are also few opportunities to diversify household incomes away from agriculture due to the low level of economic activity in the area. Although agriculture could be the way out of poverty, women face a number of institutional constraints, ranging from lack of support services, poor management, especially in irrigation schemes, and socio-cultural constraints. Women in the study areas work in an environment with poor institutional settings. In the irrigation schemes, although analysis of the conveyance efficiency of the canal shows that the system delivers enough water to irrigate the whole scheme, lack of institutional framework hinders water distribution within and among the blocks. Although rules were put in place initially, they had become obsolete over the years. The irrigation schemes have no management committees or water users’ associations to take responsibility for managing them. The management of the irrigation schemes is dysfunctional, because the different sections of the irrigation schemes were being managed separately, with no overall coordination of the management committees. Extension is generally poorly equipped in terms of staff skills and financial resources for identifying and communicating technology needs and for managing local level interventions.
Date Published:01/07/2016
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Agricultural Water - Small holder irrigation, Agricultural Water - Rainwater harvesting
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:2176/1/16
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0821-0
Authors:Oladele OI; Mudhara M
Project No:K5/2176
Organizations:North West University; University of KwaZuIu-Natal
Document Size:1 681 KB
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