about us | careers | terms & conditions | intranet | sitemap | contact us
Skip Navigation Links
Skip Navigation Links
Knowledge Hub
Skip Navigation Links
Skip Navigation Links
Resources & Tools
Skip Navigation Links
Skip Navigation Links
Skip Navigation Links
News & Media
Skip Navigation Links
FET Water
Skip Navigation Links
Skip Navigation Links
Mine Water Atlas
Skip Navigation Links
Login | Register
Go Search
Empowerment of women through water use for improved household food security in selected areas of the Eastern Cape
Expanded Title:High levels of poverty and deep inequality remain major challenges in post-apartheid South Africa and Blacks living in the rural areas of the country are the most severely affected by these. In 2011, it was estimated that 23 million people (45.5%) of the population were living in poverty, 26% were food insecure, and 13.4% suffered from persistent hunger. Poverty was closely associated with lack of education and was higher for both women and for youth. The Eastern Cape was ranked as the second-poorest province in the country, with 69.5% of residents assessed as poor, and an unemployment rate of more than 40%, which is far higher than the national figure of 25%. Social grants provided the main source of income for 37.9% of the households. In rural areas, where opportunities for wage labour employment are low, rain-fed agriculture is the third most important means of livelihoods, after remittances and wage labour from low-skilled jobs, though only contributes some 10% to household survival. It is well-established that a poorly-functioning rural economy with undeveloped infrastructure, weak market linkages and poor agricultural support services isolates rural households from the mainstream economy and from critically important agricultural value-chains. Weak and conflicted land institutions add uncertainty and also limit transactional opportunities. Despite these systemic challenges, current national development, agricultural, and water policies & strategies focus on the need for a stronger, more vibrant smallholder agriculture sector with ambitious goals for intensive crop production activity.
Date Published:01/10/2015
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Agricultural Water - Small holder irrigation
Document Keywords:Guidelines, Rural, Society
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:2083/1/15
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0713-8
Authors:Denison J; Murata C; Conde L; Perry A; Monde N; Jacobs T
Project No:K5/2083
Document Size:10 607 KB
Copyright 2018 - Water Research Commission Designed By: Ceenex