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An approach towards developing technical sanitation solutions for informal settlements
Expanded Title:Conventional approaches to environmental sanitation are unable to make a dent in existing service backlog. Conventional sanitation concepts and solutions are not able to cope with the new challenges arising from these issues. Several sanitation technologies are being developed using available guidelines and compendiums that are often too general and not specific to informal areas. A number of emerging sanitation technologies provided to informal areas are not often documented or adequately established to ascertain their feasibility. In addition, the developed sanitation technologies are being provided without understanding the main sanitation issues in the context of particular informal areas. The research aimed at investigating technical sanitation solutions for informal settlements in response to numerous sanitation challenges faced by dwellers. The intention of the research is mainly to develop an approach for developing sanitation concepts and solutions that respond to particular conditions of informal settlements. The most important concepts of relevance to informal settlements were found to be those focusing on resource recovery and reuse, low O&M, zero waste generation and economic incentive for both users and service providers. This study has provided an overview of the development of sanitation concepts and solutions for informal areas. It is understood that sanitation technologies are developed to respond to particular sanitation challenges that can be viewed from social, institutional, economic or technical perspectives. From social and technical perspectives, sanitation challenges are related to the profile of the served community and the components of sanitation solutions respectively. These challenges include non-compliance with operational requirements, poverty, density; inadequate design, operation and maintenance.
Date Published:01/04/2014
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Sanitation - Waterborne sanitation
Document Keywords:Governance, Society
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:2098/1/13
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0542-4
Authors:Lagardien A; Muanda C
Project No:K5/2098
Organizations:Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Document Size:4 467 KB
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