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Optimal utilisation of thermal springs in South Africa
Expanded Title:The aim of the project was to identify the optimal uses of thermal springs in South Africa. The objectives were three-fold, including the determination of the geological, biological, physical and chemical characteristics of the thermal springs in South Africa; their fitness for current use; and their suitability for alternative uses. Countries around the world have recognised alternative uses for waters and heat generated from thermal springs. Currently, the South African thermal springs are under-utilized. This project has explored the suitability of South African thermal springs for a variety of alternative uses as applied elsewhere in the world. Alternative uses included geothermal power generation, the bottling of thermal waters, use for agricultural such as greenhouse heating, the production of fish and spirulina and the extraction of minerals. It has also sought to assess the suitability of thermal springs for more unusual uses such as for cosmetic purposes and to identify springs that could possibly associated with Kieselguhr deposits.
Date Published:01/11/2013
Document Type:Research Report
Document Keywords:Environment, Ground Water, Guidelines
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Technical
WRC Report No:TT 577/13
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0481-6
Authors:Olivier J; Jonker N
Project No:K5/1959
Originator:WRC
Organizations:University of South Africa
Document Size:5 697 KB
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